In this tutorial I am going to show how to remove index.php from URL using .htaccess file in CodeIgniter. htaccess is the shortened used for Hypertext Access, which is a powerful configuration file that controls the directory “.htaccess”. It is used by Apache based web servers to control various server features.

Now The Question Arises Why Exactly do we want to remove index.php..?? As CodeIgniter’s URLs are designed to be search engine friendly and to human too. And so to maintain the standards we need to remove the default index.php which appears in the url of codeigniter applications, so that the url becomes search engine friendly and looks clean.

Download The Script Given Below

The script contains the code with proper documentation to perform the following transformation.

Steps To Remove index.php using .htaccess:-

Step:-1  Open the file config.php located in application/config path.  Find and Replace the below code in config.php  file.

//  Find the below code

$config['index_page'] = "index.php"

//  Remove index.php

$config['index_page'] = ""

Step:-2  Go to your CodeIgniter folder and create .htaccess  file.

.htaccess <--------- this file

Step:-3  Write below code in .htaccess file

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php/$1 [L]

Step:-4  In some cases the default setting for uri_protocol does not work properly. To solve this issue just open the file config.php located in application/config and then find and replace the code as:

//  Find the below code

$config['uri_protocol'] = "AUTO"

//  Replace it as

$config['uri_protocol'] = "REQUEST_URI" 


Hope these steps helped you to remove index.php in CodeIgniter framework using .htaccess. Keep reading our blogs. 🙂