In this blog post we have covered one of the topic of ajax i.e. to upload images using Ajax and php without page refresh.

 


Short Description : 

In this process the image is selected first and previewed before storing it in to any location . Then using  jQuery Ajax, it is send to php script on submit button event.

PHP script stores the image in a defined location and returns the message of the success and failure of the process.

Here we have applied some validations on the selected file, to check it whether it is an image file (jpg, jpeg or png ) or any other file type.

Upload File size allowed is 100 Kb.

 


Following steps are pointed under this process :

1.  Include jQuery library.

2.  HTML page with upload field.

3.  jQuery Ajax code.

3.  PHP script to store image.

 

 Ajax Code :


$.ajax({
url: "ajax_php_file.php", // Url to which the request is send
type: "POST",             // Type of request to be send, called as method
data: new FormData(this), // Data sent to server, a set of key/value pairs (i.e. form fields and values)
contentType: false,       // The content type used when sending data to the server.
cache: false,             // To unable request pages to be cached
processData:false,        // To send DOMDocument or non processed data file it is set to false
success: function(data)   // A function to be called if request succeeds
{
$('#loading').hide();
$("#message").html(data);
}
});

 

PHP code used to store the image :


$sourcePath = $_FILES['file']['tmp_name'];       // Storing source path of the file in a variable
$targetPath = "upload/".$_FILES['file']['name']; // Target path where file is to be stored
move_uploaded_file($sourcePath,$targetPath) ;    // Moving Uploaded file

 


Below is our complete code with the live demo and download option

ajax-image-upload-using-php-and-jquery


HTML page containing file upload field.

HTML file : ajax_upload_image_main.php


<html>
<head>
<title>Ajax Image Upload Using PHP and jQuery</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css" />
<link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Roboto+Condensed|Open+Sans+Condensed:300' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="script.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div class="main">
<h1>Ajax Image Upload</h1><br/>
<hr>
<form id="uploadimage" action="" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<div id="image_preview"><img id="previewing" src="noimage.png" /></div>
<hr id="line">
<div id="selectImage">
<label>Select Your Image</label><br/>
<input type="file" name="file" id="file" required />
<input type="submit" value="Upload" class="submit" />
</div>
</form>
</div>
<h4 id='loading' >loading..</h4>
<div id="message"></div>
</body>
</html>

 

Complete jQuery Code : script.js


$(document).ready(function (e) {
$("#uploadimage").on('submit',(function(e) {
e.preventDefault();
$("#message").empty();
$('#loading').show();
$.ajax({
url: "ajax_php_file.php", // Url to which the request is send
type: "POST",             // Type of request to be send, called as method
data: new FormData(this), // Data sent to server, a set of key/value pairs (i.e. form fields and values)
contentType: false,       // The content type used when sending data to the server.
cache: false,             // To unable request pages to be cached
processData:false,        // To send DOMDocument or non processed data file it is set to false
success: function(data)   // A function to be called if request succeeds
{
$('#loading').hide();
$("#message").html(data);
}
});
}));

// Function to preview image after validation
$(function() {
$("#file").change(function() {
$("#message").empty(); // To remove the previous error message
var file = this.files[0];
var imagefile = file.type;
var match= ["image/jpeg","image/png","image/jpg"];
if(!((imagefile==match[0]) || (imagefile==match[1]) || (imagefile==match[2])))
{
$('#previewing').attr('src','noimage.png');
$("#message").html("<p id='error'>Please Select A valid Image File</p>"+"<h4>Note</h4>"+"<span id='error_message'>Only jpeg, jpg and png Images type allowed</span>");
return false;
}
else
{
var reader = new FileReader();
reader.onload = imageIsLoaded;
reader.readAsDataURL(this.files[0]);
}
});
});
function imageIsLoaded(e) {
$("#file").css("color","green");
$('#image_preview').css("display", "block");
$('#previewing').attr('src', e.target.result);
$('#previewing').attr('width', '250px');
$('#previewing').attr('height', '230px');
};
});

 

PHP Script : ajax_php_file.php


<?php
if(isset($_FILES["file"]["type"]))
{
$validextensions = array("jpeg", "jpg", "png");
$temporary = explode(".", $_FILES["file"]["name"]);
$file_extension = end($temporary);
if ((($_FILES["file"]["type"] == "image/png") || ($_FILES["file"]["type"] == "image/jpg") || ($_FILES["file"]["type"] == "image/jpeg")
) && ($_FILES["file"]["size"] < 100000)//Approx. 100kb files can be uploaded.
&& in_array($file_extension, $validextensions)) {
if ($_FILES["file"]["error"] > 0)
{
echo "Return Code: " . $_FILES["file"]["error"] . "<br/><br/>";
}
else
{
if (file_exists("upload/" . $_FILES["file"]["name"])) {
echo $_FILES["file"]["name"] . " <span id='invalid'><b>already exists.</b></span> ";
}
else
{
$sourcePath = $_FILES['file']['tmp_name']; // Storing source path of the file in a variable
$targetPath = "upload/".$_FILES['file']['name']; // Target path where file is to be stored
move_uploaded_file($sourcePath,$targetPath) ; // Moving Uploaded file
echo "<span id='success'>Image Uploaded Successfully...!!</span><br/>";
echo "<br/><b>File Name:</b> " . $_FILES["file"]["name"] . "<br>";
echo "<b>Type:</b> " . $_FILES["file"]["type"] . "<br>";
echo "<b>Size:</b> " . ($_FILES["file"]["size"] / 1024) . " kB<br>";
echo "<b>Temp file:</b> " . $_FILES["file"]["tmp_name"] . "<br>";
}
}
}
else
{
echo "<span id='invalid'>***Invalid file Size or Type***<span>";
}
}
?>

 

CSS code : style.css


body {
font-family: 'Roboto Condensed', sans-serif;
}
h1
{
text-align: center;
background-color: #FEFFED;
height: 70px;
color: rgb(95, 89, 89);
margin: 0 0 -29px 0;
padding-top: 14px;
border-radius: 10px 10px 0 0;
font-size: 35px;
}
.main {
position: absolute;
top: 50px;
left: 20%;
width: 450px;
height:530px;
border: 2px solid gray;
border-radius: 10px;
}
.main label{
color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.71);
margin-left: 60px;
}
#image_preview{
position: absolute;
font-size: 30px;
top: 100px;
left: 100px;
width: 250px;
height: 230px;
text-align: center;
line-height: 180px;
font-weight: bold;
color: #C0C0C0;
background-color: #FFFFFF;
overflow: auto;
}
#selectImage{
padding: 19px 21px 14px 15px;
position: absolute;
bottom: 0px;
width: 414px;
background-color: #FEFFED;
border-radius: 10px;
}
.submit{
font-size: 16px;
background: linear-gradient(#ffbc00 5%, #ffdd7f 100%);
border: 1px solid #e5a900;
color: #4E4D4B;
font-weight: bold;
cursor: pointer;
width: 300px;
border-radius: 5px;
padding: 10px 0;
outline: none;
margin-top: 20px;
margin-left: 15%;
}
.submit:hover{
background: linear-gradient(#ffdd7f 5%, #ffbc00 100%);
}
#file {
color: red;
padding: 5px;
border: 5px solid #8BF1B0;
background-color: #8BF1B0;
margin-top: 10px;
border-radius: 5px;
box-shadow: 0 0 15px #626F7E;
margin-left: 15%;
width: 72%;
}
#message{
position:absolute;
top:120px;
left:815px;
}
#success
{
color:green;
}
#invalid
{
color:red;
}
#line
{
margin-top: 274px;
}
#error
{
color:red;
}
#error_message
{
color:blue;
}
#loading
{
display:none;
position:absolute;
top:50px;
left:850px;
font-size:25px;
}

 

Conclusion :
In this blog post we have covered a basic topic of ajax of uploading image using php with applied validations in it. Hope this might have worked for you to understand the ajax property. Keep reading our other blog posts for more coding tricks.